Laser Printing Process

If you’re studying for the CompTIA A+ exam, you’re also studying the laser printing process. Knowing the mechanics of the laser printing process will make it easier to troubleshoot issues.  For the CompTIA A+ exam, you’ll need to memorize the steps and what occurs at each step.


The 7 Steps


Step 1: Processing

The page is sent to the printer’s memory

Step 2: Charging

The Primary Corona applies a negative charge to the drum

Step 3: Exposing

The image is written with a laser

Step 4: Developing

Toner is added to the charged areas of the drum

Step 5: Transferring

Toner is moved from drum to the paper

Step 6: Fusing

Heat and pressure are applied to the paper

Step 7: Cleaning

The excess toner is removed



After you’ve learned the laser printing process, now it’s time to memorize the steps so you can easily recall them during the exam. The phrase below was really helpful for me, but feel free to make one up – it doesn’t need to make sense – make it memorable!











Mr. Cartridge: How a Laser Printer Works

Printer Blog: How a Laser Printer Works

Professor Messer: Understanding Laser Printers

Wikipedia: Laser Printing





Creating a More Diverse Workforce

In May, Google released data on their workforce that showed Google employees are 30% women and 5% African-American or Hispanic.  Google isn’t just working to change its ways; Google also released a video on how hiring managers can become less biased and why it’s important.  Google was once known for its dreaded brainteasers during interviews.  Research studies have shown that structured interviews yield a more diverse workplace.  A diverse workforce isn’t just politically correct, it’s a way to bring new ideas into your organizational culture.  A diverse workforce doesn’t just bring new ideas from new hires; a diverse workforce can create an atmosphere that welcomes new ideas from existing employees.

Subnetting Made Easy

In Professor Messor’s July Network+ Study Group, a fellow student mentioned that if you Google “Magic Box IP Subnetting” there’s an easy way to subnet. Subnetting is often the hardest thing to learn for new networking students.  I came across a YouTube video that really makes subnetting easy! I wish I had learned this while I was taking Cisco 1.  Big “Thank You!” to leoric80 for his video!


Technology Job Websites – Fargo, Moorhead & West Fargo (North Dakota)

During my latest job search, I compiled a list of websites for technology jobs.  I hope this lists assists others in their job search!


Job Search Websites


Fargo, Moorhead and West Fargo Companies


Fargo, Moorhead and West Fargo Government


Fargo, Moorhead and West Fargo Colleges & Universities


This is why libraries have book sales!

It occurs to me at every library book sale that book sales aren’t really about the books. It’s one of the rare moments in time when book people get together. Sometimes we browse in silence and other times we discuss our books, our lives, and the strange ways that our lives intersect. As I browsed through boxes of library discards and donated items, I complimented a woman her unique ringtone. She just smiled, then she seemed to recognize me, she asked me about being the North Dakota Library Association’s Archivist and what my plans were since resigning my position. She later mentioned that she went to school in the building that is now my library. She said the building has changed so much that she barely recognized it except from the outside. She wanted to see some old high school yearbooks, I pointed her in the direction of the Historical Center and told her Jackie could help her locate the yearbooks.

State of the Cities

This is one of my favorite annual events in the Fargo-Moorhead-West Fargo area!

State of the Cities 2014 3 State of the Cities 2014 2 State of the Cities 2014 1a

This Weekend’s Reading


Lovely North Dakota Day

Winter 2013-11-24            Winter 2013-11-24 2

Winter Sky 2013-11-24                              Sunshine 2013-11-24

NDLA / SDLA / MPLA Tri-Conference

NDLA Conference 2013 NDLA Conference 2013NDLA Conference 2013NDLA Conference 2013NDLA Conference 2013

Whitestone Hill

Musicians 2013-08-24 Cows 2013-08-24 2 Cows 2013-08-24 3 Frog 2013-08-24