Monthly Archives: May 2015

Is it Under Copyright?

“Is it under copyright?” is such as straightforward question.  There should be a straightforward answer, but Copyright Law is notoriously tricky.   You can read the entire law to can answer your question (“Is it under copyright?”); however, even if a work is under copyright, you may be able to use it under certain circumstances. How the work will be used and how much will be used are important factors in the use of copyrighted materials. Always consult a legal professional, but you may be able to answer some basic questions with the resources listed below.


Copyright Basics (U.S. Copyright)

Duration of Copyright (U.S. Copyright)

How to Investigate the Copyright Status of a Work (U.S. Copyright)


Copyright and Fair Use Cases (Stanford University Libraries)

United States Copyright Case Law (Wikipedia)


Copyright Law Amendments (David P. Hayes)

Copyright Law of the United States

Copyright Law of the United States and Related Laws Contained in Tıtle 17 of the United States Code

Title 37 – Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights

United States Copyright Office


Copyright (American Library Association)

Copyright Genie (American Library Association)

Copyright Law & Public Domain (NOLO)

Cornell University Law School: Copyright

Fair Use Evaluator (American Library Association)

Public Domain Slider (American Library Association)

Tree-View Chart on Copyright Law (David P. Hayes)


Laser Printing Process

If you’re studying for the CompTIA A+ exam, you’re also studying the laser printing process. Knowing the mechanics of the laser printing process will make it easier to troubleshoot issues.  For the CompTIA A+ exam, you’ll need to memorize the steps and what occurs at each step.


The 7 Steps


Step 1: Processing

The page is sent to the printer’s memory

Step 2: Charging

The Primary Corona applies a negative charge to the drum

Step 3: Exposing

The image is written with a laser

Step 4: Developing

Toner is added to the charged areas of the drum

Step 5: Transferring

Toner is moved from drum to the paper

Step 6: Fusing

Heat and pressure are applied to the paper

Step 7: Cleaning

The excess toner is removed



After you’ve learned the laser printing process, now it’s time to memorize the steps so you can easily recall them during the exam. The phrase below was really helpful for me, but feel free to make one up – it doesn’t need to make sense – make it memorable!











Mr. Cartridge: How a Laser Printer Works

Printer Blog: How a Laser Printer Works

Professor Messer: Understanding Laser Printers

Wikipedia: Laser Printing